Dr. Edward Shin provides world-class Pediatric Otolaryngology services in NYC such at Tonsil & Adenoid Surgery.

Adenoid And Tonsil Treatment
TEL:646.943.7985310 14Th STREET, SIXTH FLOOR NEW YORK, NEW YORK, 10003FAX:212.979.4315

Tonsil & Adenoid Disease

Infections and problems with the tonsils and adenoids are very common in children.  When the tonsils and adenoids become infected and enlarged, it may lead to breathing, swallowing, and sleep problems, in addition to pain and fever.  Abscesses and “stones” can also form around the tonsils, and chronic problems with the tonsils and adenoids have been linked to other conditions, such as sinusitis, chronic ear infections, strep throat and mononucleosis.  Dr. Shin is very experienced in treating children with chronic infections in the tonsils and adenoids. 

What are tonsils and adenoids?

Tonsils and adenoids are masses of tissue that are similar to the lymph nodes found in the neck, groin and armpits. Tonsils are located at the back of the throat, while adenoids are situated high on the throat, behind the nose and soft palate.  It is believed that tonsils and adenoids may help defend against incoming bacteria during the first year of life by helping the body to form antibodies.

Symptoms of tonsils and adenoids infection may include:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Drooling
  • Ear pain
  • Bad breath
  • Bright red tonsils
  • Grayish-white coating on tonsils
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Snoring
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Sleep apnea
  • Sinusitis
  • Nasal drainage
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Chronic ear infections

How are infections of the tonsils and adenoids treated?

It’s important to have all throat infections evaluated and treated by a physician since certain infections, such as strep infections, can be especially dangerous if untreated and may lead to serious medical complications, including heart and kidney damage.  Bacterial infections in the tonsils and adenoids can be treated with antibiotics, while viral infections (which don’t respond to antibiotic treatment) are usually treated with over-the-counter drugs to relieve symptoms such as pain and fever.  Dr. Shin can also drain abscesses in the office.  When children have infections that are resistant to treatment or recur frequently, surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids should be considered. 

When should tonsils and adenoids be removed?

The decision to remove tonsils and adenoids through surgery will depend on each patient’s individual circumstances.  In general, surgery to remove tonsils and adenoids should be considered when:

  • Infections are resistant to treatment or recur frequently (four to seven times per year or more).
  • Significant enlargement of tonsils and adenoids leads to problems with sleep disturbance and apnea and difficulty breathing or swallowing.
  • Chronic adenoid infections are related to other conditions, such as recurrent ear infections and chronic sinusitis.

Will removing tonsils and adenoids affect my child’s immune system?

No.  Studies have shown that children who have tonsils and adenoids removed show no loss in the ability to ward off infection.

What should I expect for my child’s tonsils and adenoids surgery?

Removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) and adenoids (adenoidectomy) are very safe and common procedures.  The procedure is usually performed on an outpatient basis in the hospital with the patient under general anesthesia.  Since the tonsils and adenoids are removed through the mouth, there are no external incisions.  While every patient is different, most children should expect to be out of school for a week to ten days after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.  Dr. Shin will meet with you to discuss all the details about your child’s surgery and answer any questions you may have. 

How do I get more information about problems with tonsils and adenoids?

Dr. Shin and his team will be happy to discuss problems with tonsils and adenoids with you.  Please call 646.943.7985 to arrange for a private consultation or schedule an appointment online at our New York office.