Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
Open Menu tel:646.943.7985
310 E. 14TH STREET 6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer NYC

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Surgery

Anaplastic thyroid cancer in NYC can be surgically treated by our leading thyroid specialist, Edward Shin, MD. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is among the rarest and most aggressive forms of thyroid cancer. Anaplastic cancer can grow rapidly if left untreated, leading to hard bumps or lumps around the neck that can spread to other parts of the body. Timely diagnosis and proper care by a team of thyroid cancer doctors is critical to treating this disease. Dr. Edward Shin specializes in thyroid cancer surgery at New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center to treat anaplastic thyroid cancer and prevent the spread of cancer to other areas.

ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER OVERVIEW
RARE FORM OF THYROID CANCER
AFFECTS THYROID CELLS; CHANGES THEIR SHAPE & APPEARANCE
ONE OF THE MOST AGGRESSIVE FORMS OF THYROID CANCER
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE HARD LUMPS & BUMPS AROUND THE THROAT
USUALLY DETECTED BY THE PATIENT OR DURING A ROUTINE CHECK-UP
MORE COMMON AMONG FEMALES OVER 40+ YEARS OF AGE
THYROID REMOVAL SURGERY IS THE MAIN TREATMENT OPTION
RADIATION, CHEMOTHERAPY, & TARGETED THERAPY CAN HELP PREVENT THE SPREAD OF ANAPLASTIC CANCER
ONGOING MONITORING, THYROID MEDICATION, & CONTINUED TREATMENTS MAY BE REQUIRED
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Treatment

What Is Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer?

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects thyroid cells. Anaplastic cancer is “undifferentiated”, meaning these cancer cells look very different from typical thyroid cells. Anaplastic cancer is less common than papillary cancer, follicular cancer, and medullary cancer. It is also more aggressive than these cancers. Anaplastic thyroid cancer can grow rapidly and metastasize (spread) to distant parts of the body. Early detection is critical to treating this form of cancer.

What Causes Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer?

Anaplastic cancer occurs when thyroid cells grow and multiply at abnormal rates, leading to the formation of a cancerous tumor. The exact causes of anaplastic thyroid cancer are unknown. However, there are many factors that can increase the risk of developing anaplastic cancer throughout your lifetime. This form of cancer is more common in patients:

RISK FACTORS FOR ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER
40+ YEARS OF AGE
FAMILY HISTORY OF THYROID DISEASE
RADIATION EXPOSURE
GRAVES’ DISEASE
HASHIMOTO’S DISEASE
MORE COMMON IN FEMALES

What Are The Symptoms Of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer?

Anaplastic thyroid cancer grows rapidly and can quickly spread throughout the neck. As a result, patients may notice hard bumps or lumps around the neck, as well as swollen lymph nodes. These lumps can press against the windpipe and food pipe, which may cause discomfort when swallowing and speaking. Some patients may also experience difficulty breathing.

ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER SYMPTOMS
VERY EARLY STAGES MAY NOT PRESENT SYMPTOMS
NECK LUMPS OR BUMPS THAT ARE HARD TO THE TOUCH
LUMPS THAT RAPIDLY INCREASE IN SIZE OVER WEEKS
SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES AROUND THE NECK
PAIN IN THE LOWER NECK AREA
SUDDEN CHANGES IN VOCAL QUALITY
DISCOMFORT WHEN SWALLOWING
PERSISTENT DRY COUGH
DIFFICULTY BREATHING

How Is Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Diagnosed?

The most noticeable symptom of anaplastic thyroid cancer is the formation of hard, large lumps around the neck. The patient may notice these lumps themselves, or a doctor may detect these lumps during a routine check-up. Patients are then referred to a thyroid specialist who can perform tests to screen for anaplastic cancer. Blood tests, ultrasounds, CT scans, PET scans, and fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies may be recommended when diagnosing your condition.

Will A Biopsy Determine My Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer?

A biopsy can determine if your growth is cancerous. During this procedure, a very small needle is inserted into the suspicious growth and a small sample is removed. This sample is then sent to a pathologist to determine if your growth is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). If your tumor is cancerous, the biopsy can also determine which type of thyroid cancer is present.

What Are Some Common Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Treatments?

The most common treatment for anaplastic thyroid cancer is thyroid surgery. However, this is usually reserved for earlier stages. Advanced stages may be inoperable depending on the patient. External beam radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy may be combined with surgery to halt the spread of anaplastic thyroid cancer.

ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER TREATMENTS
Thyroid Surgery
Anaplastic cancer surgery focuses on removing all traces of cancer from the thyroid. This means removing all of the thyroid gland, as well as any affected lymph nodes.
External Beam Therapy
External beam therapy uses radiation to destroy cancerous cells. Radiation may be used in conjunction with thyroid surgery to stop cancer from spreading. During this procedure, the patient lies down while controlled waves of radiation are directed to the area where cancer is present.
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy may also be used with thyroid cancer surgery and external beam therapy to slow the growth of anaplastic cancer. Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer medications to attack cancer cells. Chemo medicines are given orally or through an injection.
Targeted Therapy
Targeted therapy is another type of anti-cancer treatment. These medicines are taken orally and can stop cancer cells by manipulating their proteins and genes. Targeted therapy is best used in conjunction with other anaplastic cancer treatments.
Thyroid MEDICATION
Patients who have had anaplastic thyroid cancer surgery require thyroid medication to help maintain proper hormone levels. Different thyroid medicines are available to increase or decrease hormone levels, depending on the needs of the patient.

What Can I Expect Following Anaplastic Cancer Surgery?

Anaplastic cancer surgery requires a 1-2 night stay at the hospital before being discharged. Patients may have difficulty swallowing following surgery, so a liquid diet may be recommended for a few days. Vigorous exercise and physical activities should be avoided until permitted by our thyroid surgeon. Patients may be prescribed calcium supplements to prevent hypocalcemia (low calcium levels in the blood). Dr. Shin can discuss your recovery, downtime, and guidelines in more detail with you during your consultation for anaplastic thyroid cancer surgery.

How Do I Learn More About Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer In NYC?

Our thyroid cancer surgeon in NYC would be happy to discuss anaplastic thyroid cancer in more detail with you. To schedule a consultation, please call 646.943.7985 or request an appointment online at our NYC office.

WHAT PATIENTS SAY ABOUT DR. SHIN

Edward J. Shin, M.D.

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985

New York Eye & Ear Infirmary Of Mount Sinai

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985