What Is The Thyroid Gland?
Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. The thyroid produces 2 hormones – thyroxine (known as T4) and triiodothyronine (known as T3) – that regulate your metabolism. These hormones are secreted into the bloodstream and help maintain proper muscle control, digestion, brain function, and more. In some cases, the thyroid may produce too much or too little of these hormones, leading to an overactive or underactive thyroid. Producing abnormal levels of thyroxine or triiodothyronine can lead to pronounced symptoms, including weight fluctuations, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and more.
What Are Some Common Thyroid Disorders?
The most common thyroid disorder is hypothyroidism, which occurs when your thyroid does not make enough of the thyroxine hormone. Another common thyroid condition is hyperthyroidism, which is caused by too much thyroxine being produced. These conditions may be caused by many factors, including genetics and lifestyle decisions. Autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s disease and Graves’ disease can also cause thyroid disorders.
Physical growths or masses also contribute to thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid nodules are lumps that develop inside the thyroid gland, while a multinodular goiter refers to an enlarged thyroid with multiple nodules present. These nodules can be either cancerous or benign. Though many thyroid nodules are small, larger growths can compress local structures, leading to difficulty swallowing or speaking.
What Thyroid Treatments Are Available To Treat My Thyroid Disorder?
Both surgical and non-invasive treatment options are available to address thyroid conditions. Thyroid surgery in NYC can remove the thyroid to treat hyperthyroidism, while thyroid cancer surgery can remove cancerous tissue of the thyroid to stop the spread of cancer to other parts of the body. Radioactive iodine is a non-surgical thyroid treatment to address hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer using oral pills. Thyroid medication can also be prescribed to treat an overactive or underactive thyroid. Learn more about these thyroid treatments below.