Hurthle Cell Carcinoma
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
Open Menu tel:646.943.7985
310 E. 14TH STREET 6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

Hurthle Cell Carcinoma NYC

Hurthle Cell Cancer Surgery

Timely detection of Hurthle cell carcinoma in NYC can help treat this rare disease. Hurthle cell cancer is one of the least common thyroid cancers. However, it is also a more aggressive form of cancer than other types. Hurthle cell carcinoma can grow quickly, leading to the formation of firm lumps around the neck. Patients may not notice these lumps during the cancer’s early stages. As Hurthle cell carcinoma progresses, your doctor may detect these symptoms during a routine check-up. Hurthle cell carcinoma is treatable if diagnosed early. At New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center, Dr. Edward Shin offers surgical treatments for Hurthle cell cancer in NYC. Dr. Shin can remove cancerous growths from the thyroid to stop this disease from spreading to other areas of the body.

HURTHLE CELL CARCINOMA OVERVIEW
VERY RARE FORM OF CANCER
AFFECTS THE THYROID’S HURTHLE CELLS
MORE AGGRESSIVE THAN PAPILLARY CANCER OR FOLLICULAR CANCER
MOST COMMON SYMPTOM IS THE FORMATION OF FIRM LUMPS AROUND THE THROAT
PROFESSIONAL EVALUATION & COMPREHENSIVE TESTING CAN DETECT HURTHLE CELL CARCINOMA
TENDS TO OCCUR MORE IN WOMEN WHO ARE 50 YEARS OR OLDER
THYROID SURGERY IS THE MOST COMMON TREATMENT
SURGERY MAY BE COMBINED WITH RADIOACTIVE IODINE OR EXTERNAL BEAM RADIATION THERAPY
CONTINUED MONITORING & THYROID MEDICATIONS ARE REQUIRED AFTER TREATMENT
Hurthle Cell Carcinoma Treatment

What Is Hurthle Cell Carcinoma?

Hurthle cell carcinoma (also called oxyphilic cell carcinoma) is a very rare variant of follicular thyroid cancer. Hurthle cell cancer is more aggressive than papillary cancer or follicular cancer and can spread to nearby lymph nodes and blood vessels. Hurthle cell carcinoma is characterized by fast-growing lumps around the throat or neck. Although Hurthle cell cancer is aggressive, it is treatable if diagnosed early.

What Causes Hurthle Cell Carcinoma?

Hurthle cell cancer affects the thyroid’s Hurthle cells. If these cells begin to divide and multiply uncontrollably, they can form a cancerous tumor in the thyroid gland. The exact causes of Hurthle cell carcinoma are not clear, but there are numerous risk factors that may make it more likely to develop Hurthle cell cancer. Hurthle cell carcinoma is more common in patients:

RISK FACTORS FOR HURTHLE CELL CARCINOMA
50+ YEARS OF AGE
FAMILY HISTORY OF THYROID CANCER
HISTORY OF THYROID DYSFUNCTION
GRAVES’ DISEASE
HASHIMOTO’S THYROIDITIS
MORE COMMON IN FEMALES

What Are The Symptoms Of Hurthle Cell Cancer?

Many patients with Hurthle cell carcinoma do not present any symptoms (especially in the cancer’s earliest stages). The most common sign of Hurthle cell carcinoma is the presence of firm lumps that can be seen and felt around the throat. These lumps can quickly increase in size. As these masses continue to grow, they can compress surrounding structures like the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (food pipe). As a result, patients with Hurthle cell cancer may experience discomfort or difficulty when swallowing, speaking, and breathing. Some patients experience enlarged, swollen lymph nodes. A hoarse or raspy voice may also be a symptom of Hurthle cell carcinoma.

HURTHLE CELL CARCINOMA SYMPTOMS
THE EARLIEST STAGES MAY NOT DISPLAY ANY SYMPTOMS
LUMPS AROUND THE NECK OR THROAT THAT ARE FIRM TO THE TOUCH
LUMPS THAT GET VISIBLY LARGER OVER TIME
SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
PAIN & DISCOMFORT AROUND THE THROAT
VOICE HOARSENESS
ISSUES SWALLOWING
DIFFICULTY BREATHING
CHRONIC DRY COUGH

How Is Hurthle Cell Carcinoma Detected?

The most noticeable sign of Hurthle cell cancer is the presence of lumps or nodules around the throat. Patients may discover these growths themselves while at home. In other cases, Hurthle cell cancer can be found during a routine check-up as your doctor examines your throat. Once cancer is suspected, you will be referred to a thyroid specialist who will perform the necessary tests to determine the likelihood of cancer. Blood tests, ultrasounds, CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, and thyroid uptake tests are some of the more common methods used to screen for cancer.

Will A Biopsy Determine My Hurthle Cell Cancer?

Unlike other thyroid cancers, Hurthle cell carcinoma is not confirmed using a biopsy. A fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy can determine if there is a presence of Hurthle cells in the growth, but it cannot determine if the growth is cancerous or non-cancerous. Hurthle cell carcinoma differs from many cancers in that the official diagnosis is not made until after the growth is surgically removed and tested.

What Are Some Common Hurthle Cell Carcinoma Treatments?

The typical treatment for Hurthle cell carcinoma is thyroid surgery. Radioactive iodine or external beam radiation therapy may also be used alongside thyroid cancer surgery for comprehensive treatment.

HURTHLE CELL CARCINOMA TREATMENTS
Thyroid Cancer Surgery
Thyroid cancer surgery requires the removal of cancerous tissue from the thyroid gland. All of the thyroid will be surgically removed during this procedure. If your Hurthle cell cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, then these nodes may also be removed.
Radioactive Iodine
Radioiodine may be used following thyroid surgery to help shrink Hurthle cell tumors. Radioactive iodine is taken orally in a capsule or liquid dosage. Once a dose is administered, the radioiodine is absorbed by cancer cells in the thyroid. The radioactive iodine then destroys these cancer cells.
External Beam Radiation Therapy
External beam therapy may be used to help control and prevent the growth of Hurthle cell tumors. During this procedure, controlled bursts of radiation are directed to the thyroid gland. This radiation destroys cancer cells while causing minimal damage to the surrounding tissues.
Thyroid Medicine
Thyroid medication is usually prescribed after thyroid removal surgery. These medicines help balance the amount of thyroid hormones present in the body. Some medications can increase the amount of thyroid hormones produced, while antithyroid medicines can limit the amount of thyroid hormones in the body.

What Can I Expect Following Hurthle Cell Cancer Surgery In NYC?

Patients are usually discharged from the hospital after 1-2 days following Hurthle cell carcinoma surgery. A liquid diet may be recommended for the first few days because swallowing may be difficult and uncomfortable. Any discomfort can be easily tolerated with pain medication. Our thyroid cancer surgeon may prescribe a calcium course to prevent hypocalcemia (low calcium levels in the blood).

It is important to rest and recover following your Hurthle cell cancer treatment. Vigorous activities and strenuous exercise should be avoided until permitted by Dr. Shin. Specific post-care instructions and guidelines can be discussed in more detail during your consultation for Hurthle cell carcinoma surgery.

How Do I Learn More About Hurthle Cell Carcinoma In NYC?

Our thyroid cancer surgeon in NYC would be happy to discuss Hurthle cell carcinoma in more detail with you. To schedule a consultation, please call 646.943.7985 or request an appointment online at our NYC office.

WHAT PATIENTS SAY ABOUT DR. SHIN

Edward J. Shin, M.D.

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985

New York Eye & Ear Infirmary Of Mount Sinai

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985