What Are Thyroid Nodules?
Thyroid nodules are abnormal lumps that commonly occur in the thyroid gland. As we age, the likelihood of developing thyroid nodules increases, with more than half the world population expected to develop nodules by 50 years of age. While the vast majority of thyroid nodules are harmless, some nodules can cause problems with thyroid function and affect the surrounding structures in the throat. Approximately 5% of thyroid nodules are cancerous. Cancerous nodules often develop in otherwise normal thyroid glands and in patients who exhibit no outward signs or symptoms. It is extremely important for a thyroid specialist to check your neck regularly for signs of nodules and to evaluate any nodules that are discovered in order to determine the best thyroid treatment for you.
How Are Thyroid Nodules Diagnosed?
In addition to performing a thorough physical exam and taking a comprehensive medical history, your thyroid specialist may order a series of screening tests to evaluate your thyroid nodules. The types of testing used will depend upon many factors, including the size and location of your nodules, as well as your family history and risk factors. Proper thyroid treatment in NYC will be determined after testing.
|SCREENING TESTS MAY INCLUDE
|Blood tests to check thyroid hormone levels
|Thyroid ultrasound monitoring (nodules can be monitored every 6 months to look for changes)
|Radioactive iodine scans
|Biopsy to check for cancerous cells
What Are The Symptoms Of Thyroid Nodules?
Most thyroid nodules are small and do not cause any neck pain or outward symptoms, so they are often difficult to detect without a professional evaluation. Tiredness, muscle weakness, joint pain, unexplained weight fluctuations, and anxiety are just a few possible indicators of a thyroid disorder.
In some instances, larger nodules may cause visible lumps around the throat. Patients may notice discomfort or difficulty when swallowing solid foods or liquids. However, in most cases, thyroid nodules are discovered by physicians while checking the neck during a routine physical examination.
|THYROID NODULE SYMPTOMS
|THROAT LUMPS OR MASSES (MAY OR MAY NOT BE VISIBLE)
|TROUBLE SWALLOWING OR SPEAKING
|LACK OF ENERGY
|JOINT OR BONE PAIN
|SUDDEN WEIGHT GAIN OR WEIGHT LOSS
|SENSITIVITY TO HOT OR COLD TEMPERATURES
|IRRITABILITY & MOODINESS
|DEPRESSION OR ANXIETY
|RAPID OR IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT