Parathyroid Disorders
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center – Edward J. Shin M.D.
Open Menu tel:646.943.7985
310 E. 14TH STREET 6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

Parathyroid Disorders NYC

Parathyroid Conditions

Parathyroid disorders in NYC can be surgically treated by Dr. Edward Shin at New York Sinus & Thyroid Surgery Center. Parathyroid diseases affect your body’s parathyroid glands found in your neck. These glands play an important role in your everyday life. The parathyroids help your muscles and nerves function by controlling calcium and phosphorus levels in your blood. A parathyroid disorder can interrupt these levels, which can lead to many unpleasant symptoms, including chronic weakness, fatigue, weight fluctuations, anxiety, and more. Parathyroid diseases often go unnoticed until these symptoms start to worsen. Edward Shin, MD is a leading parathyroid surgeon with years of experience treating parathyroid disorders in NYC. Dr. Shin can perform parathyroid surgery to remove the affected parathyroid glands and improve your quality of life.

Parathyroid Disorder Treatment

What Are The Parathyroids?

The parathyroids are 4 tiny glands located behind your thyroid in the neck. These glands manage the calcium and phosphorus levels in your blood by releasing parathyroid hormones (PTH) into the bloodstream. Parathyroid hormones help your muscular system and nervous system function properly. The parathyroids are constantly balancing your hormone levels. Your parathyroid glands increase or decrease the amount of parathyroid hormones being released, depending on your body’s needs. If calcium levels are low, then your parathyroids will produce more parathyroid hormones. If calcium levels are too high, then less parathyroid hormones will be released. By doing so, your parathyroid glands help maintain homeostasis throughout your body. In some cases, however, your parathyroid hormone levels may become unbalanced. This can lead to the development of parathyroid disorders.

What Are Some Common Parathyroid Disorders In NYC?

The most common parathyroid condition is known as hyperparathyroidism. This disorder occurs when your parathyroid glands are overactive and produce too many parathyroid hormones, which can create abnormally high levels of calcium in your blood. Hyperparathyroidism can be caused by dysfunctional parathyroids (primary hyperparathyroidism) or an underlying condition like kidney failure (secondary hyperparathyroidism). If the disease is left untreated for a prolonged period of time, your parathyroids may begin making parathyroid hormones uncontrollably (tertiary hyperparathyroidism). Hyperparathyroidism can cause many complications that worsen over time if not properly treated.

Hypoparathyroidism is another parathyroid disorder that occurs when your parathyroids are underactive and produce too few parathyroid hormones, which leads to unnaturally low levels of calcium in your blood. Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition that usually occurs as a complication of parathyroid surgery. Surgical removal of the parathyroid glands can lead to hypocalcemia (low calcium levels) and cause hypoparathyroidism. Though this condition is rarer than overactive parathyroids, it should not be ignored. Hypoparathyroidism can cause severe muscle spasms, lethargy, anxiety, and headaches.

Parathyroid growths are rare conditions in which a tumor grows inside one of the parathyroid glands. Most parathyroid growths are benign (non-cancerous). These tumors may disrupt the balance of parathyroid hormones being released into your blood. In some cases, parathyroid growths may be cancerous and spread to other areas of the body. Parathyroid surgery is usually recommended to remove benign and cancerous growths.

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism refers to overactive parathyroids that produce too many parathyroid hormones. An abundance of hormones can lead to abnormal calcium and phosphorus levels, which can affect both your muscular and nervous systems. Hyperparathyroidism is often caused by calcium deficiencies, vitamin D deficiencies, and chronic kidney disease. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include fatigue, muscle weakness, kidney stones, and bone pain. Serious cases can result in osteoporosis and kidney failure. Parathyroid surgery is the most common treatment for hyperparathyroidism.

HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
OCCURS WHEN THE PARATHYROIDS CREATE TOO MANY HORMONES
CAUSES HIGH CALCIUM LEVELS (HYPERCALCEMIA) & LOW PHOSPHORUS LEVELS (HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA)
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE TIREDNESS, JOINT PAIN, KIDNEY STONES, & EXCESSIVE URINATION
PARATHYROID SURGERY IS THE PREFERRED TREATMENT

Hypoparathyroidism

Hypoparathyroidism exists when the parathyroid glands are underactive and do not produce enough parathyroid hormones. This lack of hormones interrupts the balance of calcium and phosphorus in your blood, leading to muscle spasms, headaches, nervousness, and other unpleasant symptoms. Most cases of hypoparathyroidism occur as a complication of parathyroid removal surgery. Dietary supplements of calcium and vitamin D are the most common treatments for hypoparathyroidism. In certain cases, medications may also be prescribed.

HYPOPARATHYROIDISM
OCCURS WHEN THE PARATHYROIDS CREATE TOO FEW HORMONES
CAUSES LOW CALCIUM LEVELS (HYPOCALCEMIA) & HIGH PHOSPHORUS LEVELS (HYPERPHOSPHATEMIA)
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE FATIGUE, MUSCLE SPASMS, ANXIETY, & HEADACHES
TREATED WITH DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS OR MEDICATIONS

Benign Parathyroid Growths

The majority of parathyroid tumors are benign. These growths occur inside your parathyroid gland. The exact cause of parathyroid tumors is unknown, but genetics, past radiation exposure, and a history of parathyroid disorders are some of the known risk factors. Patients with benign parathyroid growths may notice a small lump in the neck, as well as tiredness, bone pain, and anxiety. Even though parathyroid tumors are not cancerous, they should still be removed since they can cause hyperparathyroidism. Our parathyroid doctor can perform surgery to remove benign parathyroid tumors.

BENIGN PARATHYROID GROWTHS
OCCURS WHEN PARATHYROID CELLS GROW AT AN ABNORMAL RATE
CAN CAUSE HIGH CALCIUM LEVELS & HYPERTHYROIDISM
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE TIREDNESS, BONE PAIN, LOSS OF APPETITE, & A LUMP IN THE NECK
SURGICAL REMOVAL IS THE PREFERRED TREATMENT

Parathyroid Cancer

In rare cases, parathyroid tumors can be cancerous. When cancer cells in the parathyroid gland grow and multiply at a rapid rate, they can form a tumor. If left untreated, the cancer can spread. Fortunately, parathyroid cancer is slow-growing and is usually very treatable if detected early. Surgery can be performed to remove the cancerous parathyroid gland(s) and prevent the spread of cancer to other areas of the body. Learn more about parathyroid cancer by clicking here.

PARATHYROID CANCER
OCCURS WHEN CANCEROUS CELLS IN THE PARATHYROID MULTIPLY UNCONTROLLABLY
CAN CAUSE HYPERTHYROIDISM & HYPERCALCEMIA
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE LETHARGY, NAUSEA, WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS, & A LUMP IN THE NECK
USUALLY REMOVED SURGICALLY

What Are The Risk Factors For Parathyroid Disorders In NYC?

There are many factors that may increase your risk of developing a parathyroid condition. Parathyroid disorders are more common in patients:

RISK FACTORS FOR PARATHYROID DISORDERS
FAMILY HISTORY OF PARATHYROID DISORDERS
CALCIUM OR VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY
RARE HEREDITARY CONDITIONS LIKE MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA
PAST RADIATION EXPOSURE
40 YEARS OR OLDER
MORE COMMON IN FEMALES

What Are The Symptoms Of Parathyroid Disorders?

Parathyroid diseases may make you feel chronically tired and weak. You may experience muscle aches, spasms, or cramps. Bone and joint pain may also occur. Parathyroid disorders can also cause sudden weight fluctuations. Parathyroid tumors may present themselves as small lumps in the neck.

Parathyroid disorders are often overlooked since many of their symptoms are general and can be caused by unrelated conditions. Some patients are unaware that they have a parathyroid disease until detected during a physical exam. A professional evaluation can properly diagnose your condition.

PARATHYROID DISORDER SYMPTOMS
CHRONIC WEAKNESS & TIREDNESS
MUSCLE CRAMPS & SPASMS
BONE & JOINT PAIN
NAUSEA & VOMITING
SUDDEN WEIGHT GAIN OR WEIGHT LOSS
KIDNEY STONES
FREQUENT URINATION
VISIBLE LUMP IN THE NECK (A SIGN OF A PARATHYROID TUMOR)
ANXIETY & DEPRESSION
Treatment For Parathyroid Disorders

How Are Parathyroid Conditions Diagnosed?

A combination of laboratory testing and imaging scans are typically used to diagnose parathyroid disorders. Blood tests and urine tests can measure the amount of calcium and parathyroid hormones in your body. If these levels are abnormal, then this may be a sign of disease.

A radionuclide scan (known as a Sestamibi scan) can check for hyperparathyroidism by injecting a small amount of radioactive substance into the veins. This substance is harmless and travels to the diseased parathyroids. The radioactivity shows up on imaging scans and can help determine which of your parathyroid glands are overactive.

Diagnostic imaging scans like CT scans, ultrasounds, and MRIs can be used to detect parathyroid tumors and determine if these growths are spreading to surrounding areas. Unlike other forms of cancer, parathyroid cancer does not typically require a biopsy for diagnosis.

What Parathyroid Treatments Does Your Parathyroid Doctor In NYC Offer?

Dr. Edward Shin specializes in parathyroid surgery to remove diseased parathyroids and restore balanced hormone levels. Parathyroid tumors (whether benign or cancerous) can also be surgically treated to prevent further complications.

Parathyroid medication can be prescribed to help manage symptoms. Medication is available for hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism, depending on the patient’s condition. These medicines are not meant to treat the underlying causes of parathyroid disorders, but they can provide relief for patients who are not candidates for parathyroid surgery. If your parathyroid disorder can be treated medically, Dr. Shin will refer you to an endocrinologist for treatment.

Dietary supplements are sometimes recommended to help treat parathyroid conditions. Certain dietary supplements can help prevent abnormal hormone levels that contribute to parathyroid diseases. Some patients who have undergone parathyroid surgery require calcium and vitamin D supplements to prevent hypocalcemia (too little calcium in the blood).

Your ideal parathyroid treatment will depend on your specific condition, as well as your overall health, age, genetics, and more. Dr. Shin can further discuss your treatment options with you. Learn more about parathyroid surgery and treatments by clicking here.

How Do I Learn More About Parathyroid Disorders & Treatments In NYC?

Our parathyroid doctor in NYC would be happy to discuss parathyroid disorders and treatments in more detail with you. To schedule a consultation, please call 646.943.7985 or request an appointment online at our NYC office.

WHAT PATIENTS SAY ABOUT DR. SHIN

Edward J. Shin, M.D.

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985

New York Eye & Ear Infirmary Of Mount Sinai

NEW YORK SINUS & THYROID SURGERY CENTER

310 E. 14TH STREET
6TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10003

646.943.7985